Tongren City is located at the junction of the three provinces and cities of Guizhou, Hunan and Chongqing, and the hinterland of Wuling Mountain. It is a bridgehead connecting the central and eastern parts of the southwest, and is known as the "Gateway to the East". The city has jurisdiction over Bijiang District, Wanshan District, Songtao Miao Autonomous County, Yuping Dai Autonomous County, Jiangkou County, Shiqian County, Yinjiang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Sinan County, Dejiang County, Yanhe Tujia Autonomous County, Dalong Development Zone, Guizhou Tongren High-tech Industrial Development Zone has a land area of 18,000 square kilometers and a total population of 4.27 million. It is home to 29 ethnic groups such as Tujia, Han, Miao, Dong, and Gelao, with ethnic minorities accounting for 70.45% of the total population. The city covers an area of 40 square kilometers and has a resident population of 350,000. It administers Bijiang District, Wanshan District, and Guizhou Tongren High-tech Industrial Development Zone. Jinjiang passes through the city and goes straight down to the Dongting. Tongren is focusing on creating a “Wuling Capital · Renyi City” around the city brand of “Hot Virtue Casting Bronze, Renyi Zhiyuan”. Tongren is the birthplace of social stability risk assessment, is the first batch of national smart city pilot cities, is a demonstration area for regional development and poverty alleviation in Wuling Mountain, and is a demonstration area for ethnic unity and progress.
The natural environment is pleasant. Tongren is located on the slope of the transition from the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to the hills of western Hunan, between 107 ° 45'—109 ° 30 'east longitude and 27 ° 07'-29 ° 05' north latitude. The Wuling Mountains, with Fanjing Mountain as its main peak, has become a watershed in the east and west of the city. The highest altitude of the city is 2572 meters and the lowest altitude is 205 meters. The karst landforms are typical and it is a natural encyclopedia of karst geology. The city belongs to the humid climate zone of the central subtropical monsoon. The annual sunshine hours are 1044.7-1266.2 hours, the annual average temperature is 13.5-17.6 ℃, the annual average precipitation is 1110-1410 mm, and the frost-free period is 275-317 days. The heat is abundant, the light is suitable, and the rainfall is abundant. Most of the regions are mild and humid, and the climate of the mountains and river valleys has obvious vertical changes. It has the climatic characteristics of "one mountain has four seasons and ten miles different days". The city has no severe cold in winter, no hot summer in summer, and rain and heat in the same season, and the moisturizing is pleasant.
History has a long history. The Qin Dynasty was the abdomen area of Qianzhong County. It was changed to Wuling County in the Han Dynasty and the county government began in the Shu Han Dynasty. The Tang Dynasty belonged to Sizhou, Jinzhou and Qianzhou. At the end of the Song Dynasty and the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, Sizhou and Sinan Xuanshui Divisions were set up. In the Yuan Dynasty, "bronze-sized Jiangmanyi military and civilian lawsuits" were set up. In the eleventh year of Ming Yongle, Sizhou and Sinan Xuanwei were withdrawn, and Tongren, Sinan, Shiqian, and Wuluo were established in the current state, and they were placed under the jurisdiction of the newly-built Guizhou Province. There was no change in the construction of Tongren in the Qing Dynasty. After the founding of the Republic of China, there were 7 changes. Until February of 32nd year (1943) of the Republic of China, six administrative inspection districts were rebuilt in the province. The Sixth Inspector Commissioner's Office was located in Tongren, with jurisdiction over 9 counties including Tongren, Jiangkou, and Yuping. At this point, the construction is basically fixed. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Tongren was liberated all over the country on January 12, 1950. The Tongren area was set up, and the Commissioner's Office was stationed in Tongren County, with jurisdiction over 9 counties including Tongren, Jiangkou, and Yuping. In January 1979, the Tongren District Administrative Office was formally established in Tongren County, with jurisdiction over Tongren, Jiangkou, Yinjiang, Shiqian, Sinan, Dejiang, Yanhe, Yuping, Songtao, Wanshan 9 counties and 1 special zone. In 1987, the State Council approved the withdrawal of Tongren County and the establishment of a county-level Tongren City. The original administrative area remained unchanged, and the formation of Tongren Prefecture became 8 counties, 1 city, and 1 special zone. On October 22, 2011, the State Council approved the agreement to cancel the establishment of a prefecture-level Tongren City in Tongren, opening a new chapter in the development of Tongren.
Humanities have a long history. Xiangchu culture and Bashu culture are infiltrated and merged with each other here. The 29 ethnic groups have lived in harmony for a long time, creating a long and rich human history. Ancient celebrities such as Shang Shutian Yang, the Prince's Guard Department of the Ming Dynasty, Tian Qiu, the first person in charge of Kaike, a prince in Guizhou, Prince Fu Guoyong, Hou Yang Fang, etc. In the 21st year of Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty (1895), there were more than 40 people from the original Tongren House, Sinan House, and Shiqian House in Tongren who participated in the test in Beijing. 11 of them participated in the "Letter on the Bus" launched by Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao. "Into the reform and reform movement. During the Revolution of 1911, important military and political figures such as Chen Tianxing, Xu Longying, and Xi Zhengming emerged. In the years of revolutionary war, revolutionary martyrs such as Zhou Yiqun and Kuang Jixun were born. Raised special heroes, Shang Ganling fighting hero Long Shichang and so on. Tongren is the hometown of calligraphy. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were six calligraphers Zhou Mian, Zhou Yixiang, Wang Daoxing, Pan Dengyun, Yan Yinliang and Zhu Shizhu. Yan Yinliang's inscription "The Summer Palace" was well-known in China and abroad.
Rich natural resources. There are two major river systems: Minjiang River and Wujiang River. There are 171 rivers with a length of more than 10 kilometers, 121 rivers with a rainfall area of 50 square kilometers or more, an annual total runoff of 12.742 billion cubic meters, and total groundwater reserves of 2.9 billion cubic meters. The theoretical reserves of hydropower resources are 3.261 million kilowatts. More than 40 types of minerals have been found, including manganese, mercury, coal, potassium, phosphorus, lead, gold, marble, barite, purple patina, and Chinese painting stones. The manganese ore reserves are 250 million tons, and the prospective reserves are expected to reach 350 million tons. It is one of the three major manganese ore rich areas in the country; the predicted reserves of potassium-containing shale are 5 billion tons; the predicted reserves of shale gas are 1.2 trillion cubic meters. Abundant mineral resources have laid the foundation for the development of new materials, metallurgical and chemical industries. At present, the city has formed a raw material industrial system mainly based on manganese ore, coal mine development and metal manganese, ferroalloy, and industrial silicon production. There are more than 400 species of wild animals within the jurisdiction, 6 species including the golden snub-nosed monkey, and 29 species including the giant salamander, black bear, and black langur monkeys listed as national first-class protected animals. There are more than 600 species of woody wild plant resources represented by the plant "living fossils" Davidia involucrata, the rare Guizhou Lagerstroemia indica, and Abies in Fanjingshan. There are more than 2000 kinds of medicinal plants represented by Gastrodia elata, Eucommia ulmoides, Ginkgo biloba, and honeysuckle. Camellia oleifera, Fanjingshan green tea, Shiqian moss tea, Dejiang Gastrodia, Sinan cattle, Yanhe goat and other local products enjoy a good reputation at home and abroad.
Unique tourism resources. The unique geographical features, beautiful and pure natural scenery, and simple national customs have created the brand image of "Brand Heaven Pure Land · Taoyuan Tongren". Its ecological culture, Buddhist culture, national culture, and red culture have rich connotations and unique features. Together with Fanjing Mountain, the main peak of the Wuling Mountains, and Wujiang and Jinjiang passing by, they are collectively called "one mountain, two rivers, four cultures". The city has 2 national-level nature reserves, 3 national-level scenic spots, 9 provincial-level scenic spots, 1 national mine park, and 1 national karst geological park. Fanjing Mountain has members of the United Nations "Man and Biosphere" Reserve Network, a national nature reserve, a famous Buddhist mountain in China, Maitreya, the birthplace of Chinese Nuo culture, China's top ten summer resorts, and six national 4A-level scenic spots. The rate is above 95%. Negative oxygen ions are as high as 60,000 to 120,000 per cubic centimeter. Many rare and endangered animals and plants, such as giant salamander and Davidia involucrata, thrive here, and they are called "animal and plant gene bank". The Wujiang River passes through Shiqian, Sinan, Dejiang, and the four counties along the river to form the "Bali Wujiang Gallery". The puppet show known as the "living fossil" of the drama, the ancient and charming Miao family is surrounded by drums, the Tujia waving hands, and the Dai folk songs. Tongren is a famous old revolutionary area. In 1934, He Long, Guan Xiangying and other older proletarian revolutionaries founded the Qiandong Revolutionary Base in Tongren.It was one of the eight red bases in the country before the Long March of the Red Army, and there were national cultural relics protection units such as the former residence of Zhou Yiqun. Provincial cultural relics protection units such as the site of the Revolutionary Committee and the site of the Fengxiangxi Conference.
The investment environment is increasingly optimized. The traffic is convenient and efficient. Shanghai-Kunming Railway, Shanghai-Kunming Expressway, Hangrui Expressway, Tongda Expressway, and Sijian Expressway pass by. The city's townships are connected to oil roads and villages to highways. The Yuhuai Railway goes north to Chongqing and south to Guangzhou. Tongren Phoenix Airport has opened routes to Guiyang, Changsha, Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, etc. Boeing 737-800 aircraft can take off and land after the completion of the reconstruction and expansion project in the first half of this year. With the gradual completion of Tongsong, Yande and Jiangya expressways, the county-to-county expressway will be realized by 2015. With the construction of the Yuhuai Railway double line, the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed railway, and the Yutong-Intercity railway, the rapid construction of a rapid railway network is gradually taking shape, with the planning and construction of Zunyi railway through Tongren to Jishou and Zhaotong through Dejiang to Qianjiang. 500-ton class ships can pass the Wujiang River to the Yangtze River and reach the East China Sea. Projects such as dredging of the Wujiang Channel are being accelerated. The efficient and convenient three-dimensional water, land and air transportation network makes the status of Tongren's transportation hub even more prominent. Policy benefits overlay. Tongren is an area that enjoys a multi-layered coverage of policies such as the Great Western Development, Guofa No. 2 Document, and the Regional Development and Poverty Alleviation Plan of the Wuling Mountain Area. Dalong Economic Development Zone was included in the province's "511" 10 billion yuan park development plan and was included in the first batch of national development zone application units by the provincial government.The total planned area of the development zone is 548.5 square kilometers, and 85 square kilometers have been developed. The core area realizes "seven connections and one leveling". The city's development zones have completed a total of 3.563 million square meters of standard workshops and 5,463 sets of employee-friendly housing, about 300,000 square meters. Rich labor resources. There are more than 1 million surplus laborers in the city who have been working in developed coastal areas for a long time, and many returnees have grown into small bosses and backbones of enterprises. The comparative advantages of water and electricity prices are obvious, and there is sufficient industrial land. Green channels have been established for key investment promotion enterprises and follow-up services throughout. Always adhere to treat entrepreneurs like scientists, respect corporate leaders like teachers, strive to provide the best service environment for enterprise development, and strive to create a hot spot for investment with the best reputation, lowest cost, best service and fastest return in the country. one.
Economic development momentum is strong. Under the strong leadership and care of the Party Central Committee, the State Council, the Provincial Party Committee, and the Provincial Government, the entire city is guided by the scientific outlook on development and seizes the historic opportunity to implement the National Development Document No. 2 and implement the Wuling Mountain Area's regional development and poverty alleviation plan. Keeping in mind the keynote of the province's "accelerated development, accelerated transformation, and leapfrogging" and the main strategy of "industrial strong provinces and urbanization drive", based on the resource endowment of "one mountain, two rivers, four cultures" and the improvement of the transportation environment, vigorously implement new industrialization , Informationization, urbanization, agricultural modernization, "Four Synchronization" development and cultural tourism industry "one industry rejuvenation" strategy, focusing on creating Qiandong industrial clusters, the "Golden Triangle" cultural tourism innovation zone around Fanjingshan and the "Wujiang Economic Corridor" "The city's economy and society continue to develop rapidly and healthily. Well-known companies such as Hong Kong Belle Group and Zhejiang Nongfu Spring have settled in Tongren. China Taobao · Tongren Pavilion has been put into operation. In 2013, the city's total GDP was 53.522 billion yuan, an increase of 15.4%; total fiscal revenue was 7.741 billion yuan, an increase of 21.5%; the total investment in fixed assets in the whole society was 102.10 billion yuan, an increase of 42.6%; and the value-added of industries above designated size was 9.64 billion yuan ; Per capita disposable income of urban residents is 18,366 yuan, and per capita disposable income of farmers is 5,397 yuan.
At present, the whole city is closely united around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary, and thoroughly implements the spirit of the 19th, 18th, 18th Third Plenary Session of the Party, and the 4th Plenary Session of the 11th Provincial Party Committee to bring the market into play. It plays a decisive role in resource allocation and comprehensively deepens reform. The whole city is focusing on the 36 key reforms initiated by the 5th Plenary Session of the Municipal Party Committee, vigorously implementing the "four simultaneous development" of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, agricultural modernization and the "one industry revitalization" strategy of the cultural tourism industry. Qiandong Industrial Gathering Area, the "Golden Triangle" cultural tourism innovation zone around the Fanjing Mountain and the Wujiang Economic Corridor, strive to promote economic and social transformation and leapfrog development, and ensure that a well-off society will be built in full synchronization with the country by 2020.