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"Move" out of Xintiandi: Observation of "Tongren Experience" in ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation

Tongren City Government Website

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  • Index: 000014349 / 2019-2207971
  • Information Category: Poverty Alleviation and Development
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  • Information Name: "Move" out of Xintiandi-Observation of "Tongren Experience" in ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation

This is an unprecedented poverty reduction practice-moving the poor, changing the look of the poor, changing the poor industry, and pulling the roots.

This is a solemn promise with a strong voice-let the poor in 293,300 deep mountain and stone mountain areas move out of the mountains to live in a good house and live a good life.

Set up the Gongzhizhi, and pinch the hard bones. According to the deployment of the Central and Provincial Party Committees and Provincial Governments, the Tongren Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government listened to the opinions of the people, followed the opinions of the people, and worked for the people. "Become rich" goal, to maximize the release of ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation policy dividends, and strive to get out of a new Tongren road.


Change requires opportunity, but also requires vision and responsibility. Yikoudao Village, Siqu Town, Yanhe Tujia Autonomous County is where the Wuling Mountains and Loushan Mountains intersect, and it is a rocky mountainous area with poor soil. Once upon a time, the folks here struggled for a long time on the poverty line, and potato, bud valley, and red lotus were once the staple food of most farmers.

"Many people have less land and mountains, and the poorer the more you cultivate, the more you cultivate, the poorer you get out of this strange circle." At present, nearly a thousand people in Yikoudao Village have relocated to the main urban area of Tongren, fulfilling the housing dream and the city. dream.

"When I saw the house, I went to cry, the water was bitter, and the soil was barren. One side could not afford one person." The living conditions of Yikou Dao Village are a true portrayal of Tongren Mountain.

At the end of 2015, Tongren still had 582,300 poor people. These poor people are affected by natural conditions and regional environment. For generations to live in high mountains and disaster-prone areas, they can only rely on the sky to eat.

Go down the mountain, live in a good house, and live a good life-this is the cry from the depths of the mountain.

"Disease has specimens", and those who know the specimens will do everything. In order to allow the poor in the mountainous areas to move "poor dens", Tongren decided to carry out poverty alleviation and relocation during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" to accelerate the pace of poverty alleviation.

At that time, the Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government believed that moving the people in the deep and mountainous areas in the western part of the country that "support one side of the soil and support the other side" to the eastern part with better industrial foundation and better service facilities would enable poor households to quickly and steadily escape poverty, To further promote the coordinated development of the eastern and western regions is a multiplier.

Standing at the strategic height of coordinating the development of the city's central and western regions, Tongren innovatively implemented the relocation of poverty alleviation across districts and counties. Relocate people along the river, Dejiang, Yinjiang, Sinan, Shiqian and Songtao who are eligible for relocation to Bijiang District, Wanshan District, Dalong Development Zone, Tongren High-tech Zone, etc., which have prominent geographical advantages Resettlement will create more advantageous conditions for the long-term livelihood and subsequent development of the resettlers, and create an upgraded version of ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation.

This step goes beyond the strategic vision of the Tongren Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government, the innovative role of grassroots cadres, the new path of rapid and stable poverty alleviation for the poor, the prosperity of the eastern urban area, and the improvement of the western rural ecology. The "Tongren experience" of ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation came out.

Drums are urgency, decisive fight poverty and passion. In the crucial period of the decisive battle, a "great migration" of 293,300 people was vigorously opened in the deep ravine of Tongren ...


No matter how high the mountain is, climbing up will always reach the summit; no matter how long the road is, continue to reach it.

In 2016, when compiling the "13th Five-Year Plan" for ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation, the relocation index issued to Tongren by the provincial level was 211,000, and the pressure from Tongren increased to 293,300.

The relocation of poverty alleviation in situ is already a huge project involving thousands of households, and Tongren will relocate 125,500 of them across the districts and counties. This is even more difficult.

The province has a total of nearly 2 million ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation tasks. The relocation scale of Tongren accounts for 15.6% of the total relocation scale of the province. The relocation tasks are among the highest in the province; the situation is complex and unprecedented.

This vast livelihood project, from the selection of relocation objects, the planning and design of resettlement sites, fund raising, to the construction of supporting public service facilities, etc., each affected the hearts of the relocated people and attracted the attention of all sectors of society. Responsibility is in the heart, and responsibility is shouldered. In order to relocate the "hard bones" of the ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation, the Tongren Municipal Party Committee Standing Committee and the municipal government executive committee insist on high-density research and deployment, and the main leaders of the party and government insist on taking the lead in the front line, grasping with their own circumstances, and always go to the ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation. To move out of and into the place, supervise promotion, find problems and solve problems.

At the same time, a cross-district and county joint leadership group system was established to specifically study and resolve major issues such as difficulties, pain points, and blockages encountered in the cross-district and county relocation work. The government of the place to move in discusses and builds a system of inter-regional and county poverty alleviation and relocation.

In order to help the relocated people overcome the difficulties of accent and differences in living habits between the eastern and western regions in the early stage of the stay, and assist in the connection of schooling, dibao, medical insurance, pension insurance, etc., the cadres in the relocated area will work at the resettlement site and cooperate with the relocated area to strengthen the relocated people. Transition management.

In order to allow the relocated people to move in smoothly, a “one-stop” service window has been set up in the resettlement site of the relocated area, and education, health, civil affairs, human society and other functional departments dispatch cadres to settle in, and quickly handle the relocated people's schooling, medical care, dibao and pension insurance. And other livelihood issues.

After three years of hard work and unremitting efforts, the overall task of poverty alleviation and relocation in the city has been basically completed. Nearly 300,000 relocated people have completely got rid of the predicament of "one party cannot support one party in water and soil" for thousands of years.


Relocation is only a means, poverty is the goal, and letting the people live a happy life is the original intention.

"Moving to the city, what should I do with my hometown, still belong to myself?"

"Without land, what to eat in the city, at home, at least no money for vegetables, rice, and water, and even money for drool in the city."


Crossing Guanshan Mountain and moving away from the place where generations have been rooted for many years, life and work have undergone great changes. There are inevitably concerns. In order to help the relocated people take root quickly in their new hometown, Tongren made great efforts to make the relocated people look forward to worry-free. , Worry-free, truly "stable" in the new home.

In order to relieve the people's concerns about "lost land", Tongren has prioritized the promotion of the "three plots of land" work for ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation. After the relocated people move out, the contractual relationship or beneficiary relationship of the original land remains unchanged; the collective farmland, forest land and other land in the uncontracted villages enjoy the same rights as the villagers in the relocated area.

In order to allow the relocated people to quickly integrate and adapt to urban life, Tongren moved in to actively respond to the relocation households and provided them with life care and emotional care. After moving out, they tried their best to support the relocated households, and tried their best to send them a journey to allow them to cross the farmers. Become a "hammer" of citizens and help them quickly integrate into new city life.

In order to give the relocated people better production and living conditions, each resettlement site is in accordance with the "six accessibility" (access, water, electricity, telephone, television network, wireless network, and also supporting sports square, farmer's market, parking lot, Health clinics, schools, financial services outlets, public toilets, sewage or waste treatment facilities).

When the masses are "settling", they will "rejoice". In order to find a "way to make money" for the relocated people, Tongren combined with the actual situation to connect the relocation of poverty alleviation with modern agriculture, industrial park employment, skills training, etc., so as to "remove the poor" and "replace the poor".

In order to ensure that there are jobs and jobs in the place of emigration, to achieve "one-person employment, to lift the whole family out of poverty", and to solve the "forward-looking concerns" of the relocated people, Tongren established labor by drawing "three maps" of employment demand, employment supply, and assistance plans Employment dynamics ledger to accurately build a supply and demand platform to help relocated people achieve precise employment.

In addition, the counties and counties in each region are based on the requirements of the municipal level. They should take measures according to local conditions, actively improve supporting facilities, and vigorously promote assistance measures such as entrepreneurship and employment, skills training, and industrial development to ensure that migrants have jobs and children. Admission to the nearest school, medical treatment and minimum standard of living.

Looking back at my hometown, there is a verdant lush. New homes, new jobs, new lives, and the dream of moving people take root, sprout and blossom in the city.


"Popularity" is the most important vitality of economic development.

The Dalong Development Zone, which is a place where Tongren moved across the districts and counties for poverty alleviation and relocation, is making every effort to build a national-level economic development zone and a 100 billion-level industrial park.

However, the Dalong Development Zone, which has hundreds of companies and annual financial revenues of several hundred million yuan, had a population of less than 30,000 two years ago. This not only makes its development goals distant and difficult, but also brings 5,000 people to the development zone enterprises all year round. Employment gap.

With the implementation of the relocation and poverty alleviation project across districts and counties, Dalong welcomed more than 20,000 immigrants from Dejiang and Shiqian, and the problems of urban popularity and enterprise employment will gradually be eased.

Dalong's economic development has become the epitome of Tongren's relocation of poverty alleviation and economic growth. After the completion of the ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation, Tongren's urbanization rate increased by about 7 percentage points, which brought ample vitality to the economic development of the place where it moved.

The relocation across districts and counties directly added 60,700 permanent residents to the central urban area, which greatly promoted the urbanization development of the main urban area. The poor people who moved from Xiwu County of Tongren City to the main urban area, Tongren High-tech Zone, and Dalong Development Zone can find stable employment nearby in the park, factories, housekeeping companies, public welfare posts, etc. Only Xiwu County is currently relocated to Tongren Main Urban Area Of the 26,600 people who have achieved stable employment in the main urban areas and parks, they have become a vital force for urban development.

The investment in resettlement housing construction is more than 17 billion yuan, and supporting facilities such as education and medical care are more than 5 billion yuan. The total investment will exceed 20 billion yuan. It can be seen that relocation is a project, investment, and GDP.

The huge investment and the consumer groups brought by the relocation of poverty alleviation have also generated huge consumer demand, which has strongly promoted the development of related industries such as industry, construction industry, productive service industry and living service industry. The implementation of a large-scale relocation project not only solves the employment of the masses, but also promotes a large number of relocated masses to enter the city, and provides sufficient labor for the development of cities and parks.

At the same time, through the ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation, rural natural ecological environment was effectively improved. The ex situ poverty alleviation and relocation reduced the carrying capacity of the natural environment in the moved out areas, the demolition of old houses, reclamation and greening, and ecological restoration improved the ecological environment and changed the vicious circle of "poverty and reclamation, reclamation and poverty" in the past. The win-win situation of relocation, poverty alleviation and ecological protection.

Moving the poor, the population is concentrated in cities and towns; changing the poor industry, the industry is concentrated in the park; the roots of the poor, the land is concentrated in scale, and the vitality of the city's economic growth is effectively stimulated.


Behind the dramatic changes in the face of poverty is the implementation of various poverty alleviation measures, and the hard sweat of thousands of party members and cadres in the city.

293,300 people must have a thorough understanding of their labor conditions, living conditions, employment and medical guarantees, etc., and have to conduct in-depth analysis of the causes of poverty, the degree of poverty, and the ease of poverty alleviation, so as to implement policies and solve the relocation. Households' reasonable needs and practical difficulties ... The relocation work is by no means a trivial matter, but a complex and complicated project.

Because of the difficulty of work, relocation of poverty alleviation has become a touchstone for testing the style and ability of cadres, and it is also a big stage for cultivating cadres. Who hasn't relocated, their old foundations haven't been rehabilitated, and their ideological work hasn't been done yet ... A series of "hard bones" are the targets of active solution by party members and cadres.

In this tough battle, Tongren took extra-conventional measures to establish a joint leading group for relocation across districts and counties in the place of relocation and relocation, and implemented coordinated operations of cadres in and out of the place.

During the relocation and mobilization stage, cadres actively mobilized the masses to move across districts and counties, helping the relocated masses to calculate the "four accounts" of economic accounts, family accounts, family accounts, and grandchildren's accounts, so that the masses understand that moving from poor valleys to cities can increase income, The family can be reunited, their lives are more complete, and they need not be impoverished for generations.

After the relocation, cadres actively help the people to find jobs, help with employment, apply for social security, and do a good job in community service. They go to the grass-roots level to show them to the people, help them calculate, take them with them, and lead them to earn money. Grass-roots cadres are responsible for acting, assaulting and siege, and learn from war in war, learn to swim in swimming, and improve their ability to grasp implementation and landing.

A large number of party members and cadres charged on the battlefield of ex-situ poverty alleviation and relocation, attacked the toughened villages, and greatly improved their ability to implement policies and implement work. At the same time, the relationship between the party and the cadres has become closer. The relocated masses are grateful to the General Secretary, to thank the Party for its good policies, and to thank the good cadres who work for them.

The soil accumulates for the mountains, and the water accumulates for the sea. After three years of cold weather, the city, county, township, and village have been grasped at the first level and at every level. Thousands of party members and cadres in the city have devoted themselves to this unprecedented battle, and have been measuring the accuracy of identification with non-stop steps. With the painstaking efforts and sweat, the speed of relocation is set up, and the hard work and responsibility of the poor people are used to support the dream of living in poverty.

The relocation of poverty alleviation moved the relocated people out of Xintiandi and lived a new life, with smiling faces blooming in the green mountains and green waters, and a happy life. Keep the people in mind and shoulder the responsibility. His Majesty Tongren, who relocated the "hard bones" for poverty alleviation, will continue to contribute to the city. The whole party will mobilize and the whole society will join in the war. All will be united and committed to the city. The conquest of the last impoverished fortress will be achieved with the conviction that no victory will be won. Tackle new achievements to benefit more people and produce excellent answer sheets for a well-off society.

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