pk10三码必中冠军计划在线

Your current location: Home » Public Affairs Open » Information Disclosure Catalogue » Assortment Categories » Government Official Documents » Policy Interpretation

New Developments in the Theory of the Socialist Basic Economic System

Tongren City Government Website http://ldushu.com/

Font: Small Medium Large Clicks: Print this pageClose this page
  • Index Number: GZ000001 / 2019-27486
  • Information Classification: Policy Interpretation
  • Issuing agency:
  • Posting date:
  • Symbol: None
  • is it effective:
  • Message Name: New Development of Socialist Basic Economic Institution Theory

Editor's note: The socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the national governance system, grows in the soil of Chinese society, formed in the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. It not only miracles the rapid economic development and long-term social stability of our country, but also adds more colors, more paradigms, and more choices to the development of human society in which plural civilizations coexist. The Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Adhering to and Perfecting the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics, Promoting the Modernization of the National Governance System, and Governance Ability, adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party, summarizes and profoundly elaborates our country from 13 aspects The significant advantages of the system and the national governance system are tightly centered on "what to uphold and consolidate" and "what to perfect and develop", and put forward a series of new ideas, new views and new measures, and put forward the fundamental requirements for pushing forward the reform and opening up in the new era. It is the basic basis for our firm "four self-confidence". In order to thoroughly study and publicize the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC, the Central Cyberspace Office and Qiushi Magazine jointly organized the "China's Steady Progress" online theoretical communication column, and invited experts and scholars in the ideological and theoretical circles to write a series of theoretical articles. It is the 10th part of the website, so stay tuned.

Summary of content: The new summary of the Decision of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC on the adherence to and improvement of the basic socialist economic system is the transformation of the basic socialist economic system with Chinese characteristics from a single ownership system to a distribution system and a socialist market economic system. A breakthrough in the transformation of the system. Among the three contents and levels constituting the basic socialist economic system, the ownership structure with public ownership as the main body is the basis of the entire economic system, which determines the overall structure of the economic nature of socialism with Chinese characteristics; the distribution structure with distribution as the main body is ownership The realization of structural benefits determines the overall pattern of common prosperity and sharing; the socialist market economic system is the main mode of economic resource allocation and determines the overall pattern of dual regulation by the market and the government.

The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out that the public ownership as the main body and the multi-ownership economy developed together, the distribution according to work as the main body, multiple distribution methods coexist, and the socialist basic economic systems such as the socialist market economic system, which reflects the superiority of the socialist system. It is also a great creation of the party and the people to adapt to the development level of the productive forces in the primary stage of socialism in China. For many years, we have taken public ownership as the mainstay and the common development of multiple ownership economies as the basic economic system. A major theoretical innovation of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee is based on this, taking distribution according to work as the main body and coexisting multiple distribution methods, and the socialist market economic system has been upgraded to a basic economic system. These three systems are all basic socialist economic systems. The three are interconnected, supportive and mutually reinforcing. This theoretical innovation marks that China's socialist economic system is more mature and stereotyped, and has important guiding significance for better exerting the superiority of the socialist system, liberating and developing social productive forces, and promoting high-quality economic development.

I. Formation and development of the ownership system with public ownership as the main body and common development of multiple ownership economies

The ownership of the means of production is the basis of the socio-economic system and has a decisive effect on the nature and development direction of the entire social system. After the founding of New China, China has established a socialist economic system based on public ownership through the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts, and capitalist industry and commerce, laying a fundamental political prerequisite and institutional basis for all development and progress in contemporary China.

After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, the party and the country carefully summed up the experience and lessons of ownership issues in the practice of China ’s socialist economic construction, based on China ’s basic national conditions in the initial stage of socialism, and began to provide for China ’s The structure of ownership of the means of production has undergone profound adjustments and reforms, and gradually established the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism with public ownership as the main body and the common development of multiple ownership economies, providing effective institutional guarantee for the development and modernization of the socialist market economy. .

The Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China put forward that "a certain range of workers' individual economy is a necessary supplement to the public ownership economy", removing political obstacles to the development of the individual economy that has been banned for a long time. The Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed the principle of "adhering to the leading position of the state-owned economy and developing multiple economic forms". The multiple economic forms mainly include various forms of cooperative economy in rural and urban areas. The 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that the ownership structure in the primary stage of socialism should take public ownership as the main body, and it should continue to encourage the development of urban-rural cooperative economy, individual economy and private economy; public ownership itself also has multiple forms, and private economy is a public economy Necessary and useful supplements, Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative enterprises and wholly foreign-owned enterprises are also necessary and useful supplements to China's socialist economy. The 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that public ownership, including ownership by the whole people and collective ownership as the main body, supplemented by the individual economy, the private economy, and the foreign-invested economy, and that various economic components have developed together for a long time. Different economic components can also voluntarily implement multiple forms of joint operations. . The 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China explicitly stated that "the common economic system with the public ownership as the main body and multiple ownerships is the basic economic system in the primary stage of China's socialism." This is a landmark theoretical achievement.

The 16th, 17th and 18th National Congress of the Party further emphasized that the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and the common development of multiple-ownership economies will unswervingly consolidate and develop the public-owned economy, and unswervingly encourage, Support and guide the development of the non-public ownership economy. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee further emphasized that the basic economic system with public ownership as the main body and the common development of multiple-ownership economies is an important pillar of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the foundation of the socialist market economic system; both public-owned and non-public-owned economies It is an important part of the socialist market economy and an important basis for China's economic and social development. This is the creative development of our party's theory of ownership in the primary stage of socialism.

In the "Decision" adopted by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee, 13 aspects, including the basic economic system and the party's leadership system, jointly constitute the basic system of the socialist country system with Chinese characteristics. The developed ownership system is the core of the basic economic system, which indicates that the ownership system of the means of production in China's primary stage of socialism is more mature and finalized. The "Decision" made a systematic deployment of the ownership system that further adhered to and improved the public ownership as the mainstay and the common development of multiple ownership economies, and made clear requirements. We must unwaveringly consolidate and develop the public ownership economy, vigorously develop mixed ownership economies with cross-shareholding in various ownership economies, and explore multiple forms of realization of public ownership. We must unwaveringly encourage, support, and guide the development of non-public economic sectors, and improve the legal environment and policy system that support non-public economic development. It is necessary to deepen the reform of the rural collective property rights system, develop the rural collective economy and cooperative economy, improve the basic management system that combines rural family management and collective unified management, and provide stable institutional guarantee for rural revitalization.

Formation and development of a distribution system with distribution as the main body and multiple distribution methods coexisting

Production determines distribution, and distribution affects production. Distribution according to work as the main body, and the multiple coexistence of distribution modes embody the inherent requirements of the ownership structure of the means of production in which the public ownership economy is the main body and the multiple ownership economies develop together. Adhering to the distribution according to work as the main body is conducive to consolidating and developing the public ownership economy, protecting the interests of workers, and achieving common prosperity. The coexistence of multiple distribution methods is conducive to promoting the common development of multiple ownership economies, mobilizing enthusiasm in various aspects, and enhancing economic vitality.

A brief review of the course of the Chinese Communist Party's exploration of the distribution system under the conditions of a socialist market economy, it is not difficult to understand the practical and theoretical inevitability of raising the "distribution system based on labor as the main body and multiple distribution methods coexisting" into a basic economic system. . The 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed to implement a variety of distribution methods under the premise of distribution according to work as the main body. The adaptation according to work as the main body and the public ownership economy as the main body reflect the objective requirements of the socialist public ownership economic relationship and the nature of socialist labor; the coexistence of multiple distribution methods and the common development of multiple ownership economies reflect the socialist market The economic relations of the economy and its objective requirements. The 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China also proposed that in the distribution system, the distribution according to work is the main body, and other distribution methods are supplemented, taking into account efficiency and fairness. The use of various adjustment methods, including the market, not only encourages advanced and reasonable widening of the income gap, but also prevents polarization and gradually realizes common prosperity. With the continuous deepening of reform and opening up, the practice of socialist economic development is also giving "the distribution system according to work as the main body and multiple distribution methods coexist" with new practical results and new theoretical connotations. The 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized the need to uphold and improve multiple distribution methods with distribution according to work as the main body, allowing some regions and some people to get rich first, driving and helping to get rich later, and gradually moving towards common prosperity. The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established the principle of participating in the distribution of production factors such as labor, capital, technology, and management according to their contributions, enriched and developed the distribution system, and endowed the distribution system with brand-new content, such as adherence to efficiency and fairness. Redistribution pays attention to fairness, regulates the distribution order, rationally regulates excessive income, expands the proportion of middle income, and improves the level of low-income people. The 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in addition to continuing to emphasize the need to adhere to and improve the distribution system with distribution as the main body, multiple distribution methods coexist, and improve the system of participation in the distribution of production factors such as labor, capital, technology, and management, with particular emphasis on the initial distribution We must deal with the relationship between efficiency and fairness, and we must pay more attention to fairness in redistribution. This is a major adjustment to the "initial distribution focusing on efficiency, redistribution focusing on fairness", which not only reflects the Party's deepening of the understanding of the distribution system of the primary stage of socialism, but also reflects the essential requirements of socialism. Innovation and development.

The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China further enriched and developed the content of the socialist distribution system, and raised the reform of the income distribution system to the level of "achieving development results shared by the people." For the first time, "two synchronizations" and "two enhancements" were clearly put forward-realizing the synchronization of residents 'income growth and economic development, the synchronization of labor compensation growth and labor productivity improvement, increasing the proportion of residents' income in national income distribution, and increasing labor compensation Proportion in initial distribution. The "two synchronizations" and "two enhancements" have given the characteristics of the dynamic development of the distribution system, not only with the prescriptive design of the top-level design, but also with guidance and operability at the policy level, which fully reflects the fundamental requirements of socialism with Chinese characteristics. That is shared development and common prosperity. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China further enriched and developed the content of the socialist distribution system of "distribute according to work as the main body and multiple distribution methods coexisting" in three aspects. The first is to improve the system and mechanism of distribution according to factors, to promote a more reasonable and orderly income distribution; the second is to promote hardworking and law-abiding, expand the middle-income population, increase the income of low-income people, regulate excessively high income, ban illegal income, Distribution is brought under the rule of law; third is to increase residents' income by expanding the channels of property income.

After decades of practical exploration and theoretical exploration, China's socialist distribution system has become increasingly mature and finalized. The "Decision" reviewed and passed at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee raised "adhering to distribution according to work as the main body and coexisting multiple distribution methods" as the basic economic system, marking the "four pillars and eight pillars" of the distribution system under the conditions of a socialist market economy with Chinese characteristics It has matured and must be persisted for a long time. The distribution system, which is an important part of the basic economic system, is also an institutional system. Each sub-system has different emphasis and functions, but they cooperate with each other to form a functionally integrated organic whole. The initial distribution system that combines distribution according to work and distribution according to factor contribution is the decisive force for sharing development results with the people and realizing social fairness and justice; the national income redistribution system is the main means for the state to use taxation, social security, and transfer payments. The distribution relationship between urban and rural areas, between regions, and between different groups is adjusted to further promote social fairness and justice, to reflect the superiority of socialism, and to make up for the lack of functionality of the primary distribution; the third distribution system is the Decision The important development of the distribution system is to use social forces to develop public welfare and philanthropy, to achieve targeted assistance for special groups, and an important supplement to the initial distribution and redistribution; a scientific and reasonable income distribution order is to form a correct incentive guide and regulate distribution An important mechanism for subjective power boundaries and for bringing distribution into the rule of law. This three-dimensional distribution system provides a strong institutional guarantee for China to always develop in the direction of scientific socialism and achieve the goal of shared prosperity.

Formation and development of the socialist market economy system

Developing a market economy under socialist conditions is a great creation of our party and people. After more than 40 years of exploration and practice, China has successfully transformed from a highly centralized planned economic system to a vibrant socialist market economy, realized the organic combination of the basic socialist system and the market economy, and promoted the sustainable and healthy development of the economy.

The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China put forward that it attaches importance to the role of the law of value. The Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed the principle of "planned economy as the mainstay and market regulation as the supplement"; the Third Plenary Session of the Twelfth Central Committee for the first time proposed the "planned commodity economy" category, and further proposed that the commodity economy is an insurmountable socialist economic development This stage is the judgment of the necessary conditions for the realization of socialist modernization in China; the 13th National Congress of the Party put forward the major judgment of the primary stage of socialism, clarifying that the socialist planned commodity economy is an inherently unified system of planning and the market. The 14th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that the goal of China's economic system reform is to establish a socialist market economic system so that the market will play a fundamental role in resource allocation under the state's macro-control. The 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China proposed that building a socialist economy with Chinese characteristics is to develop a market economy under the conditions of socialism and continuously liberate and develop productive forces. The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has judged that China has basically established a socialist market economy system and further improved the deployment of a socialist market economy, opening a new path for the development of a socialist economy with Chinese characteristics. The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is based on the basic national conditions of the primary stage of socialism, summarizes the practice of China ’s socialist development and construction, and meets the new requirements of the specific practice of China ’s socialist development. It proposes that the socialist market economic system be accelerated and improved to a greater extent. The fundamental role of the market in resource allocation. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward the need to adhere to the direction of socialist market economic reform, so that the market will play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and better play the role of the government. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China once again emphasized the need to accelerate the improvement of the socialist market economy system. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee further upgraded the socialist market economy system to a basic socialist economic system with Chinese characteristics. An important part of the national system. The socialist market economic system is a system that includes a high-standard market system, a fair competition system, a property rights protection system, a market-oriented allocation system for production factors, a consumer rights protection system, a capital market system, a system for developing advanced manufacturing and revitalizing the real economy, The system of revitalizing rural and agricultural priority development, the national food security guarantee system, the system that promotes the integration of urban and rural development and regional coordinated development, and the improvement of the scientific and technological innovation system and key core technologies to tackle the new national system. Among them, better play the decisive role of the market in the allocation of general economic resources and better play the role of the government are the core institutions of the socialist market economy system.

In short, the "Decision" 's new summary of upholding and improving the basic socialist economic system is a breakthrough in the transformation of the basic socialist economic system with Chinese characteristics from a unitary ownership system to a systematized system including a distribution system and a socialist market economic system. Among the three contents and levels that constitute the basic socialist economic system in the primary stage, the ownership structure with public ownership as the main body is the basis of the entire economic system and determines the overall structure of the economic nature of socialism with Chinese characteristics; the distribution structure with distribution as the main body It is the realization of the benefits of the ownership structure that determines the overall pattern of common prosperity and sharing; the socialist market economic system is the main mode of economic resource allocation and determines the overall pattern of dual regulation by the market and the government. This new generalization is the crystallization of the practice of socialist economic construction in the 70 years of New China, especially for more than 40 years of reform and opening up.It is a theoretical innovation of the theory of the basic economic system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, which reflects the CPC's political and economic development of Marxism The persistence and development of learning scientific principles also reflects the economic system requirements of China in the new era to adhere to and improve the socialist economic governance with Chinese characteristics. We must scientifically grasp and actively implement them.

(Author: Cheng Enfu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Social Chair Professor University; dynasty Branch, Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade University professor of Marxism)

Previous: No
Next: None

Related Information

  • Interpretation of the "Regulations on Management of Fireworks and Firecrackers in the Downtown Area of Tongren": Fighting the Security and Defending Fireworks and Firecrackers
  • Interpretation of "Tongren City Rural Drinking Water Management Regulations": Protecting Rural Drinking Water Safety with the Iron Hand of the Rule of Law2019-12-19
  • Legislation escorts ecological and environmental protection without "outsiders" 2019-12-18
  • Interpretation of the ` ` Tongren Municipal People's Government's Implementation Plan on Strengthening the Construction of Quality Certification Management System to Promote Comprehensive Management '' 2019-12-17
  • Rural Revitalization Strategy-"Return" to Revitalize the Village2019-12-17