Implementing the "76554" working method and fighting "four tough battles" with all efforts, the incidence of poverty dropped from 24.78% to 4.4% ——
Tongren practice in tackling poverty
Tongren City, Guizhou is located in the hinterland of Wuling Mountain, one of 14 concentrated and extremely poor areas in the country. In 2014, the 10 districts and counties of the city were all poor counties, with a population of 937,200, accounting for 12.44% of the province's poor and 1.32% of the country's poor. After many efforts, the poverty-stricken population of Tongren City has decreased from 937,200 in 2014 to the current 166,600, of which 293,300 have moved out of the mountains and 125,500 have moved to the main city area. "Live a good life", the incidence of poverty dropped from 24.78% to 4.4%.
In order to tear off the poverty label for thousands of years and let the people live a happy life, Tongren City insists on poverty alleviation as the top priority and the first livelihood project, and implements "seven supplements", "six nos" and "five sees" "Five consistent" and "Four good" working methods of "76554", make every effort to make good use of the "four hard battles" in the rural areas of deep poverty-stricken areas, inter-regional poverty alleviation and relocation, education projects, and rural dilapidated housing reconstruction. Accurate policy and decisive warfare, the evaluation of poverty alleviation work has been ranked in the forefront of the province for eight consecutive years, and ranked first in the province for two consecutive years in 2017 and 2018.
"Seven Supplements": Targeted policies to help the poor
"The" seven supplements "not only let the frontline cadres have methods, but also gave us the confidence." This is the common aspiration of the frontline poverty alleviation cadres in Tongren City.
Tongren, located in the hinterland of Wuling Mountain, has similar poverty scenes, but the causes of poverty are different. How to plan a long-term road for poverty alleviation according to the actual situation of the village is a difficult problem facing the front line of cadres who fight to overcome poverty.
Combining local actual conditions, Tongren proposed the "seven supplements", that is, taking advantage of shortcomings, checking for shortcomings, supplementing poor performance, joining forces, supplementing work, encouraging compensation, and "fixing the dead sheep". These "seven tonics" have been called "seven vice tonics" by local cadres and the masses.
Through the "repair of dead sheep", a supervision and advancing mechanism was established. With regard to the problems found, we strengthened our confidence and determination, insisted on intensive research and judgment, listed the list, rectified the problems, established and implemented reforms, focused on the pain points and difficult points, and fully "repaired" the shortcomings. In terms of diligence and incentive compensation, strengthen the positive incentives in the eight areas of "cultivation and use, commendation and rewards, treatment guarantees, humane care, pension assistance, ability improvement, innovation and entrepreneurship, and error tolerance and correction" to promote the majority of cadres and the masses to fight poverty. Build achievements and grow into talents.
"Six Nos": Stimulating Endogenous Motives for Poverty Alleviation
"Our family is a typical poor household. The tuition and living allowances for college are earned by the government working with themselves. After graduating, I was recruited to Tongde Pharmaceutical for data testing. Now my monthly salary is around 3,000 yuan, and my parents are happy. I'm sure of myself! This is a good party policy! "Said Chen Fang, who is now working in Tongde Pharmaceutical. Born in Changzheng Village, Wengjing Town, Sinan County, Tongren City, she felt the difficulties brought by poverty since she was a child. It was her poverty relief policy that helped her regain her confidence in life.
Help the poor first. To win the battle against poverty, we must rely on the masses, organize the masses, mobilize the masses, and give full play to the main role of the masses. However, a small number of poor households hold the idea of “supporting the roots of the wall and basking in the sun” and lack the endogenous motivation to take the initiative to escape poverty.
In this regard, Tongren City proposed the "six nos" of self-improvement, no inferiority, no expectation, no reliance, no commitment, no hard work, no hard work, and no effort, as an important means to enhance the endogenous motivation of the masses. Guide the masses to rely on hard hands and tenacious struggle to achieve poverty alleviation.
In response to the idea of "waiting for the need" for some poor people, Tongren insisted on combining poverty alleviation and aspirations, vigorously promoted the "military army poverty alleviation", implemented the "skill poverty alleviation" action, and fully stimulated the "three forces" of organization, market and society. Change "Want me to get rid of poverty" to "I want to get rid of poverty" and realize "pocket" and "head" dual prosperity.
"Five Looks": Accurate Identification and Quality
In Yanghe Village, Changbao Town, Dejiang County, the resident cadres in the village insist on daily household registration, in-depth exchanges and discussions with the masses. Zhang Zhijiang, the leader of the poverty alleviation team, said: "Homecoming is a required course for us every day. To understand the well-being of the people, it depends on what they put in their homes, what they wear, what they cook in the pots, what they put in the cabinets, and what they put on the beds, and find out in time what they lack, so that they can help the poor.
In the past, due to difficult conditions and economic backwardness, the villagers worry about their livelihood from morning to night, their amateur life is very boring, and their spiritual culture is lacking, resulting in many contradictions and weak endogenous motivation. For this reason, Tongren City focuses on "two cares and three guarantees", focusing on key areas such as remote village groups with high incidence of poverty, many poor people, and low per capita income of farmers, and rural subsistence allowances, five guarantees, dangerous housing, and Key people such as labor-capable households, compulsory education drop-out households, and marginal households are accurately identified by looking at the "five sees" in the house, in the cabinet, in the body, on the bed, and in the pot. The quality of poverty alleviation, to prevent omission, misappraisal, and fallback.
Through the "five-looking" screening, suspected wrong return of households that did not achieve the "three guarantees", benchmarking and matching check, accurate check whether the exit meets the procedures and standards, and carry out "return gangs" based on the policies of the wrong return. Out of poverty ".
"Five Consistency": Ensuring Real Poverty, Real Poverty Alleviation
"What policies the poor households can enjoy are really unclear before. Now, open this bag with clear records." At the home of Chen Taiqun, a villager in Baiyan Village, Chadian Street, Wanshan District, Tongren City, a "company "Heart bag" is striking.
Open the bag, which contains a basic information, including seven items such as household registration book; a supporting information, including 10 items such as operating income, wage income.
Tongren City, based on the "one-household-one-grade", "four-card-in-one" and other necessary materials for poverty alleviation, innovatively promotes the "one-household, one-bag", which allows the system recorded in the system, mounted on the wall, and enjoyed by the public. It is unified, and it will achieve "zero error" with precise identification and precise exit.
The "one-household, one-bag" experience, known by the masses as "the bag of the people," was quickly promoted in Guizhou Province.
Tongren City explored "five unanimous" "hanging on the wall, bagging, talking on the mouth, systematically recording, objective," "five unanimity", combining "five sees" and on-the-spot inspection of "four cards in one" "Public signs and" one household, one bag ", on-site interviews, on-site comparison tests, and truly help the poor, really help the poor, and get rid of the real poverty.
"Four good": comprehensively improve the happiness of the masses
Ao Hongying, a villager from Putian Huangcun, Mayan Town, Bijiang District, is an employee of Taoli Chunfeng Food and Beverage Company in Guizhou. Before 2017, she and her husband worked outside the home all year round, and even the elderly and children at home could not take care of it. This has been a pain point in Ao Hongying's heart.
Later, with the help of the government, Ao Hongying was identified as a precision poor household. In 2017, she became a full-time employee of Guizhou Taoli Chunfeng Food and Beverage Company and became a warehouse administrator with a monthly income of about 3,500 yuan. "Not only can take care of the elderly, children, but also a considerable income!" This is the true portrayal of Ao Hongying.
Ao Hongying is just a microcosm of Tongren's poverty alleviation assistance. Since the start of the poverty alleviation work, Tongren City has focused on the goals and tasks of “one target, two cares, three guarantees” and “three rates and one degree”, and implemented the “five batches” of poverty alleviation requirements. The people have truly felt the “four it is good". Specifically, relying on grass-roots organizations to expand publicity and let the masses feel good about the Party's policies; relying on the creation of beautiful countryside to let the masses feel good about the living environment; carry out the construction of rural civilization and let the masses feel good about the social atmosphere; deepen the "popular party building" project The masses feel that the relations between the cadres and the masses are good, and the people have a full sense of happiness!
Through effective practice in recent years, the "76554" working method has become an effective key method to promote Tongren's poverty alleviation. It is a useful exploration with methodological significance. It has been published by high-level publications such as "China Poverty Alleviation" and "Guizhou Reform Exchange" and serves as the central government. The typical experience of the Reform Office has been selected into the National Selection of Typical Cases of Poverty Alleviation. (Malone)